Spanish 101- How not to confuse “hermanos”

An adult student told me that he just couldn’t tell the A/O difference in spoken Spanish. So, I designed this kiddie template to teach him in a very simple way. Can you tell the difference after trying it? <<<Scroll down for answer



1. hermanito (little brother)   2. mamá (mom) 3. hermanas (sisters) 4. hermanos (brothers)   5. papá  6. hermana (sister)  7. hermano (brother)  8. hermanita (little sister)

See if you can match them  now: 


Not too bad after you get the hang of the O= male and A=female. ITA-LITTLE FEMALE….ITO-LITTLE MALE

Now try and make sentences telling how many of each you have…and the names of your parents (se lllama).


Not too bad at all! 




3 easy steps to teach L2, foreign language

This sample comes from a K-2 class, but can be exactly as effective for an older audience. Just follow the three steps and their schema (prior knowledge) will build faster.

STEP 1- Introduce 6 basic statements in the target language using pantomime, song, rhyme, or a game.  ALWAYS show the written version on the board. NOTE THAT THE SYMBOLS (tildes, question marks) are added separately to call student attention.

Teach at first with songs

Teach at first with songs


Model the answers and add illustrations. Ugly or pretty, read out the answers.

model answer


STEP 3: Transfer the lesson onto paper/pen/computer


Repeat the reading aloud. Tape it if needed and re-play. Do 3-6 basic questions statements at a time until they are mastered.

Enotes for teachers and students

Most asked college homework questions

Who was Heinz Hartmann, and what were his contributions to the field of psychology?

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Heinz Hartman is a Viennese psychiatrist and psychoanalyst from the Freudian school. He was born in 1894, and, as a Freudian, he based all or most of his theses on the foundations proposed by Sigmund Freud in terms of analysis of the inner psyche of all individuals.

Coming from a well-to-do family of aesthetics and scholars, Hartman had no problem finding the perfect pairings when it came to conducting his psychoanalysis studies. He was a student of Sandor Rado as well as an intern of Sigmund Freud himself.

The most significant influence that Heinz Hartman has bestowed upon the psychoanalytical field are his studies on what he later would become known as the father of: Ego Psychology.  The psychology of the ego, became a school of psychoanalysis based on the model of the Ego-Id-Superego proposed by Freud.

At the time Hartman proposed his theory, the accepted notion in psychoanalysis was that the work was that a strong ego can supersede any issues going on with the id, super-ego, etc. In other words, that the job of the therapist was so make egos strong. They assumed that the stronger the ego is, the least possible it is to become afflicted with mental conditions.

The big difference that Harman brought to the field was that the ego has separate functions that may or may not be affected by mental conditions; that sometimes mental conditions occur independently from the ego whether it is a strong one or not; what the therapist is supposed to do is to teach the patient how to enter conflict-free zones. In other words, the therapist should teach the client to problem solve and avoid conflicting situations as the best way to protect the ego.
The importance of this proposal by Hartman is the implication that personality traits, self-esteem (the ego), our inner drive (id) and our environment are consistently interacting and affecting each other. A strong ego has lots of benefits, but the best way to avoid trauma is by understanding consequences and avoiding unnecessary conflict. Adaptation, in other words, is the best cure.

Can you explain “acting out” in Freudian psychoanalytic terms? What would cause a patient to act out?

Think Small! A Beginner’s Guide to Using Technology to Promote Learning Part 3

Originally posted on My School of Thought:

using technology to promote learning

Incremental steps toward integrating technology in teaching can pay big dividends by  Beverly R. King

Part 1 is here; Part 2 is here.

Arrange Small Groups

Another active learning strategy is collaborative learning, in which students are grouped for the purpose of achieving an academic goal. Most instructors can think of numerous ways to use small groups in a course. One increasingly popular technique that allows students to work in collaborative groups is problem-based learning, in which students try to find solutions to ill-structured problems. Problem-based learning is similar to case-study instruction with less obvious—and perhaps multiple—solutions. Technology can be used in a variety of ways in problem-based learning situations. Most obviously, instructors can search the Internet for already-created problems relevant to their disciplines. For example, in psychology, instructors at the University of California at Irvine created a fascinating scenario based on the O. J. Simpson case titled “Remembering…

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5 more legit online jobs for teachers, writers!


I am again with another update on more awesome writing and teaching jobs that you can do from the comfort of your own home.


1 If you want to talk “futuristic” look no further. Instaedu is a platform to help students that you can access even through your Smartphone. TRUE STORY: I stop at the gas station, and my Samsung phone sends me a text asking whether I am available to help with a lesson via TEXT. I jumped back into my car, accepted the lesson, and right there on my screen pops up an interactive whiteboard. There was a spot showing me, another showing that the student was typing…and there it was. The student sent me a paragraph to help her edit it. When I finished helping her (at the gas station, sitting on my car), and after I answered a couple more questions, I thanked her for using the service. Then, a message came up saying the time I spent on the task, and that the student paid $15 dollars for the service. This means that, prior to getting the task, the student already had put down the money–I just did not see that because I was new to the technology. But, yes, I made $15 while stopping to get a Twix bar and a Gatorade. Now, Instaedu can also work from your desktop computer. I recommend that you download GoogleTalk (Hangouts) so that the EDU mentors can forward you the pre-paid lessons that students need. Once you accept what they send you via Hangouts, you ask the student to push the “set up the lesson” button and you are on your way. Any payment for lessons goes straight to Paypal immediately. They are pretty good with that.


2. – This is a site that scouts for writers and teachers from all walks of life.After you sign up, provide a writing sample and the folks at TB will give you a rating. If you are classified as a level 1 or 2, you can write short articles (very short) at up to 2 dollars each. If you classify as 3, you can write articles of up to 350 words for up to 5 dollars per article. Now, if you classify as 4, you can write longer articles that can range from 7 dollars all the way to $100 depending on who needs you. You do not need to have traffic; these are set-up jobs available for people who need content written for blogs and websites. Try it out today. You do need to submit your IRS form in order to get payment. It is no doubt, since the money you accumulate grows fast! Payments go through Paypal or you can request a check.


3. Formerly known as, this is a very legit question and answer website where experts (or highly knowledgeable people) from every professional area can sign up, provide credentials, and wait to be accepted. It does not take long to get your answer. Once a “Pearl Expert” you can answer questions posted by users. If you get a positive feedback score, you will get compensated for as much as the user offers which is posted before-hand. Now, the thing I like about this site is that the users seem to be mature, more and “put together”, offering sometimes 40-60 dollars to have their questions answered. These are not simple questions mind you: Teachers may be asked to coach a student throughout a long essay, or provide a simple answer to a difficult question. My experience, so far, has been superb. I have made a network of 7 happy clients whom I coach, and who are quite grateful students. If you keep it professional, and develop your own “brand” within the site, you should be good to go. Payments are through Paypal.

NOTE: I have seen a recent backlash online rating JA as a bad website. Remember that JA has many categories of help, and  I am specifically speaking on the Essay, Tutoring, and Homework help categories. I attest to the fact that I am a legit tutor working there, and my work has been legit and my clients (now going on 10)  are very happy. 

spool Formerly known as LikePlum, Studypool is a wonderful resource for students to get help with homework. It works particularly well for Math homework, since lots of the SP tutors are Math experts. The student can choose to pay for the answer, post it, and wait for the tutors to place bids. The student selects the tutor and they get to work. Students that cannot pay can still post their question under “free, short answers”. Tutors who answer these questions can get a tip from the student (sometimes as little as 25 cents or as much as 11 dollars, which happened to me once). The tutors who answer free questions also get something: points to enhance their avatars–everyone wins. I have seen how SP has grown. It is secure, pays very well, and the students are very smart; they just need the extra help from a willing teacher. Payments are arranged through Paypal invoicing.

hm Homework market sounds like a place for students to have others do work for them, but it is not. It is actually another tutoring site where students ask specific teachers directly, or post their questions to be answered by teachers who also place a bid to be accepted. When the student accepts, that tutor works one on one with the student via email and using the ongoing resources available in the site. It is a zero-plagiarism guaranteed website, as most of the tutoring sites are, so there will be zero tolerance for use of copyrighted material. Like with other bidding sites, students place a price on what they need and the payments are handled by Paypal, and students can place a down payment to secure your services. This is a great site for Freshmen in college and for students about to graduate High School.