Who was Heinz Hartmann, and what were his contributions to the field of psychology?
Heinz Hartman is a Viennese psychiatrist and psychoanalyst from the Freudian school. He was born in 1894, and, as a Freudian, he based all or most of his theses on the foundations proposed by Sigmund Freud in terms of analysis of the inner psyche of all individuals.
Coming from a well-to-do family of aesthetics and scholars, Hartman had no problem finding the perfect pairings when it came to conducting his psychoanalysis studies. He was a student of Sandor Rado as well as an intern of Sigmund Freud himself.
The most significant influence that Heinz Hartman has bestowed upon the psychoanalytical field are his studies on what he later would become known as the father of: Ego Psychology. The psychology of the ego, became a school of psychoanalysis based on the model of the Ego-Id-Superego proposed by Freud.
At the time Hartman proposed his theory, the accepted notion in psychoanalysis was that the work was that a strong ego can supersede any issues going on with the id, super-ego, etc. In other words, that the job of the therapist was so make egos strong. They assumed that the stronger the ego is, the least possible it is to become afflicted with mental conditions.